The following Iftaar duas have been narrated. These duas can be recited after the tasmiyah (Bismillah).
. اَللّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ، وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْتُ
[Abu Dawud, hadith #2358, Al-Adhkar, #494]
Trans: O Allah, for You I have fasted and with Your provision I open my fast.
اَللّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْنَا، وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْنَا، فَتَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْم
Trans: O Allah, for You we have fasted and with Your provision we open our fast, so
accept it from us. Indeed, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.
- It has been reported by Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Amr bin ‘Aasرضى الله عنه that the
Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “When the fasting person opens his fast, his dua is not
Ibn Abi Mulaikah said: When Abdullah bin Amr bin ‘Aas opened his fast, I heard him
اَللّـهُمَّ اِنّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ الَّتِيْ وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِىْ
[Ibn Majah, hadith #1753, Al-Adhkar, #497]
Trans: O Allah, I ask you through Your Mercy that encompasses everything, that You
اَلْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِيْ أَعَانَنِيْ فَصُمْتُ ، وَ رَزَقَنِيْ فَأَفْطَرْتُ
Trans: All praise belongs to Allah, Who assisted me so I can complete my fast and He
has provided for me so I opened my fast.
- Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar رضى الله عنه narrates that whenever the Messenger of
Allah ﷺ opened his fast, he would say:
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ، وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوْقُ وَ ثَبَتَ الْأَجْرُ إنْ شَاءَ الله تعالى
[Abu Dawud, hadith #2357, Al-Adhkar, #493]
Trans: The thirst has quenched, and the veins have moistened, and insha’Allah the
reward been recorded.
In hadith there is no dua for sehri/suhoor. The Arabic words بصوم غد نويت / bi saumi ghadin nawatu, is the intention to fast. These words are not in hadith, yet there is no harm in reciting it to express one’s intention (niyyah) to fast in Arabic. The regular sunnah duas for before and after meals can be recited for sehri/suhoor.
Dua at Iftaar
A hadith has been reported in Virtues of Ramadhan that the Prophet ﷺ has said,
“The dua of three people is not rejected: the fasting person at the time of iftaar,second, a just ruler and third, the oppressed.”
An explanation of “the time of iftaar” is being requested. Is it, precisely at the time of iftaar or before iftaar or after iftaar? If it is before iftaar, then at least how many minutes before should the dua begin? Also is raising the hands a requisite for dua or not?
The dua at the time of iftaar is done simultaneously with iftaar. Hands are not raised for it.
Sheikh Muhammad Zakariya (May Allah fill his grave with nur)
Ref: کتب فضائل پر مشکالات اور ان کے جوابات
Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas رضى الله عنه narrates, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prescribed Zakatul-Fitr (Sadaqatul-Fitr) as a purification for the fasting person from idle talk and obscene speech and as food for the poor. If anyone pays it before the prayer (Eid salah), it will be an accepted zakah. If anyone pays it after the prayer, it will be a sadaqah like any other sadaqah. [Abu Dawud, hadith 1609].
Sayyiduna Jarir رضى الله عنه narrates, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “The fasts of the month of Ramadhan are suspended between the heavens and the earth. It does not ascend until the Zakatul- Fitr is paid.” [Al-Targheeb Al-Tarheeb].
Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar رضى الله عنه narrates, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ instructed the payment of one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakatul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old. He ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the Eid prayer. [Bukhari, hadith 1503].
Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar رضى الله عنه narrates, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ commanded us that the Zakatul-Fitr should be paid before the people went to salah (Eid salah). Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar (Allah is pleased with him) used to pay it one or two days before. [Abu Dawud, hadith 1610]
Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas رضى الله عنه delivered a sermon at the end of Ramadan from the pulpit (in the masjid) of Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah.” It seemed the people were not aware. Then he said, “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Go to your brothers and teach them, for they do not know. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prescribed this sadaqah as one Sa’ of dates or barley, or half a Sa’ of wheat payable by every freeman and slave, male and female, young and old.” [Abu Dawud, hadith 1622].
Note: In the blessed era of Nabi ﷺ a Sa’ was used to measure volume. There is a difference of opinion amongst the Ulama on the precise volume of 1 Sa’ and ½ Sa’ in modern measurement units.
Sadaqatul-Fitr is a charity that is given near the end of Ramadhan and before Eid Salah. The wisdom behind this charity is twofold:
- To purify the fasts of Ramadhan from any defects, eg. idle talk, foul language, etc.
- Eid al-Fitr is a day of happiness and celebration for all Muslims. This can only be possible when the poor can also enjoy this day and not worry about putting food on the table. For this reason, the wealthy have been prescribed to give a small amount in charity to the poor.
- Sadaqatul-Fitr is wajib (mandatory) on every Muslim who is legally responsible (adult and sane), possessing the nisab on the day of Eid al-Fitr, in excess of any debts and of basic personal needs. This is irrespective of whether the nisab was in possession for the whole lunar year.
- Sadaqatul-Fitr is also wajib (mandatory) for those who may have missed some fasts or did not fast the entire month.
- It is mandatory on behalf of oneself and one’s children who are minor (not baligh).
- It is not mandatory to pay on behalf of one’s mature (baligh) children and wife, but may do so with their permission.
- It becomes wajib at the dawn of Eid al-Fitr. Therefore, if a person dies before the dawn of Eid al-Fitr or a baby is born after dawn, Sadaqatul-Fitr will not be wajib for these two.
- It is recommended to pay it after dawn and before the Eid salah. Delaying it is disliked. Not paying it is sinful.
- In current times it would be preferable to pay the Sadaqatul-Fitr in advance so the recipients can receive it before Eid al-Fitr. Paying it during Ramadhan will bring added reward.
- When determining the amount of Sadaqatul-Fitr, one will look into the price of one’s city.
- The recipients of Sadaqatul-Fitr are the same as it is for Zakah.
Any one of the following or its equivalent in cash can be given in Sadaqatul-Fitr:
- ½ Sa’ of Wheat
- 1 Sa’ of Dates
- 1 Sa’ of Barley
- 1 Sa’ of Raisins/sultanas
The market value of the four items that can be given in Sadaqatul-Fitr is different, for this reason, the amount of Sadaqatul-Fitr may vary.
Sadaqatul-Fitr in Canadian dollars for the year 1442/2021
- Wheat $7.00
- Barley $13.00
- Raisins $32.00
- Dates $37.00
One may choose any of the above amounts to pay per person. It is recommended for the financially able to give the higher amount so the poor may benefit.
Prepared by Mawlana Mushtaq Shaikh